Top 10 Largest Dams In The World

Dams are not only engineering marvels but also symbols of human ingenuity and our ability to harness the power of nature. These colossal structures have been built across the globe to control water flow, generate electricity, and provide irrigation for agriculture. In this article, we will explore the top 10 largest dams in the world, their history, size, water sources, and structural volumes.

1. Three Gorges Dam, China

The Three Gorges Dam, located on the Yangtze River in China, is the largest dam in the world. Completed in 2006, it stands at an impressive height of 181 meters (594 feet) and spans a length of 2.3 kilometers (1.4 miles). The dam’s reservoir, which stretches over 660 kilometers (410 miles), is fed by the Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia.

2. Itaipu Dam, Brazil and Paraguay

The Itaipu Dam, situated on the Paraná River between Brazil and Paraguay, is the second-largest dam globally. With a height of 196 meters (643 feet) and a length of 7.8 kilometers (4.8 miles), this hydroelectric power plant generates an astounding amount of electricity. The reservoir, formed by the dam, covers an area of approximately 1,350 square kilometers (520 square miles).

3. Xiluodu Dam, China

China’s Xiluodu Dam, located on the Jinsha River, is the third-largest dam in the world. Standing at a height of 285 meters (935 feet) and stretching over a length of 700 meters (2,297 feet), this dam is an engineering marvel. The reservoir, fed by the Jinsha River, covers an area of 648 square kilometers (250 square miles).

4. Guri Dam, Venezuela

The Guri Dam, situated on the Caroni River in Venezuela, ranks as the fourth-largest dam globally. With a height of 162 meters (531 feet) and a length of 7.7 kilometers (4.8 miles), this hydroelectric power plant plays a vital role in Venezuela’s energy production. The reservoir, formed by the dam, covers an area of approximately 4,250 square kilometers (1,640 square miles).

5. Tucuruí Dam, Brazil

Brazil’s Tucuruí Dam, located on the Tocantins River, is the fifth-largest dam in the world. Standing at a height of 78 meters (256 feet) and stretching over a length of 11.8 kilometers (7.3 miles), this dam provides hydroelectric power to the region. The reservoir, fed by the Tocantins River, covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers (1,100 square miles).

6. Grand Coulee Dam, United States

The Grand Coulee Dam, situated on the Columbia River in the United States, ranks as the sixth-largest dam globally. With a height of 168 meters (550 feet) and a length of 1.6 kilometers (1 mile), this dam is a significant source of hydroelectric power. The reservoir, formed by the dam, covers an area of approximately 1,300 square kilometers (500 square miles).

7. Longtan Dam, China

China’s Longtan Dam, located on the Hongshui River, is the seventh-largest dam in the world. Standing at a height of 216.5 meters (710 feet) and stretching over a length of 849 meters (2,785 feet), this dam is a crucial part of China’s energy infrastructure. The reservoir, fed by the Hongshui River, covers an area of approximately 900 square kilometers (350 square miles).

8. Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam, Russia

The Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam, situated on the Yenisei River in Russia, ranks as the eighth-largest dam globally. With a height of 242 meters (794 feet) and a length of 1,066 meters (3,497 feet), this hydroelectric power plant is a significant source of electricity for Russia. The reservoir, formed by the dam, covers an area of approximately 621 square kilometers (240 square miles).

9. Nuozhadu Dam, China

China’s Nuozhadu Dam, located on the Lancang River, is the ninth-largest dam in the world. Standing at a height of 261.5 meters (858 feet) and stretching over a length of 816 meters (2,677 feet), this dam is a testament to China’s commitment to renewable energy. The reservoir, fed by the Lancang River, covers an area of approximately 320 square kilometers (120 square miles).

10. Atatürk Dam, Turkey

The Atatürk Dam, situated on the Euphrates River in Turkey, ranks as the tenth-largest dam globally. With a height of 169 meters (554 feet) and a length of 1,820 meters (5,971 feet), this dam provides irrigation and hydroelectric power to the region. The reservoir, formed by the dam, covers an area of approximately 817 square kilometers (315 square miles).

Dams have played a crucial role in shaping our world, providing us with electricity, irrigation, and flood control. The top 10 largest dams in the world are not only engineering marvels but also symbols of our ability to harness the power of nature. As we continue to explore renewable energy sources and sustainable development, these colossal structures will remain a testament to human ingenuity and our harmonious relationship with the environment.

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