Home History THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR: Abagana Ambush (Biafra War)

THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR: Abagana Ambush (Biafra War)

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THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR: Abagana Ambush (Biafra War History)

THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR: Abagana Ambush (Biafra War History), Biafra History, Nigerian Civil War History, Igbo Biafran History, Abagana History, Biafra Commander, Abagana Ambush, Nigerian Military Ambush, Nigerian Wars, Biafra Date, Biafra Leader, Biafra People, What is Biafra?, Who Are The Biafra?, Nigerian Soldiers


Abagana History (Biafra War)

Abagana Ambush Part of Nigerian Civil War Date (31 March 1968) Nigerian Civil War A Biafran Soldier In The Bush On Alert Before The Invasion Of Abagana.

Operation UNICORD Midwest Invasion of 1967 Enugu First Onitsha Operation Tiger Claw Second Onitsha Port Harcourt Abagana Ambush Operation OAU Owerri Operation Hiroshima Operation Leopard Operation Tail-Wind The Abagana Ambush (March 31, 1968) was a military ambush by Biafran guerrilla troops led by Major Jonathan Uchendu that wiped out the Nigerian 2 Division Of the 6000 Nigerian troops ambushed, only very few survived including General Murtala Muhammad. Background On October 4, 1967 the Nigerian 2nd Division began bombarding Onitsha and continued the assault for eight days before a 10 boat armada crossed the Niger River into the city.

December 1967 the Nigerian 2nd Division an 6th Battalion crossed the Niger River at Idah and began making their way towards Onitsha, finally capturing the City after several attempts.

The Nigerian Forces now intended to link up the 1st Division at Enugu with the 2nd Division at Onitsha. To this end the Nigerian 2nd Division moves out towards Enugu in a long convoy supported by armored cars on 31 March 1968. Ambush On March 31, 1968 a 106 vehicle convoy of the Nigerian 2nd Division transporting 6000 infantry as well as armor from Onitsha to Enugu was ambushed and decimated in the town of Abagana by a small troop of Biafran soldiers led by Maj. Jonathan Uchendu.

Homemade Ogbunigwe rocket missiles were launched by the Biafrans at a tanker truck carrying gasoline which caused an enormous explosion that tossed armored cars like tin cans. [10] 350 tons of equipment were destroyed or captured by the Biafran troops. Aftermath The successful ambush at Abagana gave both Biafran soldiers and civilians hope in the war as well as temporarily halting the Nigerian advance into Biafran territory.

General Murtala Mohammed was relieved of his command and never commanded a division again. Notes Jump up Though John de St. Jorre mentions Colonel Joseph Achuzie as commander of the operation,[1] Major-General Alexander Madiebo (General Officer Commanding the Biafran Army) credits Major Uchendu.[2] Chinua Achebe and others also credit Uchendu. From all indications, Achuzie was the commanding officer of Uchendu`s division and strategically planned the operation, while Uchendu led the actual ambush.

Jump up ^ International journalists present in Biafra at the time like Frederick Forsyth, Gilles Caron and other authors give the strength of the ambushed Nigerian troops as 6000 men supported by armor, of which almost all were lost.[5][6][7] Chinua Achebe gives the much lower figure of about 500 Nigerian troops.[3] All sources state that the convoy was about 100 vehicles long including troop transport, ammunition transport, tankers and armored cars.

NDI-IGBO AND THE BIAFRA QUESTION’ by Okafor Judith Biafra have suddenly became the latest and greatest talk in the whole world after many years of the Biafra~Nigeria civil war were the Nigeria government massacred millions of Biafrans. Different reactions have been on the up rise daily as many shows serious concern mainly on the past and present genocide, injustice and evil unleashed by the Nigeria state on these peaceful Indigenous ‘NDI-IGBO AND THE BIAFRA QUESTION’ -Okafor Judith People who only demanded for their freedom and exit from Nigeria.

On regards to the bloody war which if mentioned by the Igbo speaking people in Biafraland, some groups becomes upset, Okafor Judith from Orlu in Imo state Biafra land, wrote on her Facebook wall: “I have heard so many people ask, “Why won’t Ndi- Igbo forget the memories of the 1967-70 civil war and move on?” Or “Why is it that Ndi-Igbo can not forget the bitterness of the civil war and move on?” But I have these for those who have been asking the aforementioned questions: The countries of Europe still discuss about the 30 year war that brought about the Westphalia treaty of 1648. The Jews have not forgotten the holocaust of 1940s.

Alexander the Great wars of over 2000 years ago are still being talked about. Ndi-Igbo have every right to discuss about the war because Warsaw still discuss the attack on her by Germany in 1939 in their history classrooms. Learning one or two things from it. The First World War that was fought in 1914 which disrupted the relative peace in Europe for over 100years is still being discussed. The US attack on Japanese two cities – Hiroshima and Nagasaki that led to the subsequent end of the Second World War is still being discussed till date.

The aforementioned Wars and among others were fought during the 17th century and early 20th century. While the Biafra-Nigeria war that was fought in the mid 20th century is the one that Ndi- Igbo should not be talked about, rather to forget and move on. Well, the bitterness of the war would have been soothed, if only the likes of Benjamin Adekunle (Scorpion), Obafemi Awolowo, Yakubu Gowon, Mohammad Buhari, Murtala Mohammed and the host of others were charged for war crimes.

The Igbo would have moved on if those that lost their jobs during the war were automatically re- absorbed into the civil service and military immediately after the war. Ndi-Igbo would have learnt again to fly, if the Biafra pounds was reasonably exchanged with the Nigeria’s currency and, were allowed to withdraw from their savings in the Nigerian Banks before the war. Rather the Federal government placed an embargo on their bank accounts and savings. The bitterness of the war would have been tasty, if the Federal government did not introduce the obnoxious financial policy: whereby Biafrans (Ndi- Igbo) were given only 20pounds, irrespective of the amount of money they had in their bank account after the war. And this was only possible when they were able to present their banking papers.

Irrespective of the fact that many of them lost their banking papers in the course of this war. It would have made more sense, if only the Federal government never introduced the ‘indigenization policy’ immediately after the war. This policy enabled only the Yoruba, Hausa/Fulani and others who were handy at that time to buy shares and became co-owners of major companies and banks, hence, leaving the Igbo at the crossroads.

It would have made more sense, if only ‘The Reconstruction Policy’ was seriously pursued and successfully done. Apart from the Asaba end of the River Niger bridge, which was constructed at the end of the war, no other serious attempt was made by the federal government to fix all that were destroyed in Igbo land during the war. Time would have healed so fast in varying degrees, if The University of Nigeria Nsukka was never abandoned despite the fact that it was almost reduced to rubbles during the war.

This perhaps was a way of paying the university back for quickly changing its name to ‘University of Biafra’, and also producing the scientists that produced the Ogbu n’Igwe that they(Ndi-Igbo) used to suppress the Nigerian troops. I could go on and to many reasons, but the fact still remains that Ndi-Igbo can never forget about the war. It has legacies which should learn from”.


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