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The Personal Insurances – USAGov

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Learn about different types of personal insurance.

Short-Term and Long-Term Disability Insurance

If you can’t work because you get sick or injured, disability insurance will pay part of your income. You may be able to get insurance through your employer. You can also buy your own policy.

Types of Disability Policies

There are two types of disability policies.

Employers who offer coverage may provide short-term coverage, long-term coverage, or both.

If you plan to buy your own policy, shop around and ask:

Federal Disability Programs

Two Social Security Administration programs pay benefits to people with disabilities. Learn about Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Insurance (SSI).

Health Insurance Plans

Health insurance helps you pay for medical services and sometimes prescription drugs. Once you purchase insurance coverage, you and your health insurer each agree to pay a part of your medical expenses–usually a certain dollar amount or percentage of the expenses.

How to Get Health Coverage

You can get health care coverage through:

Types of Health Insurance Plans

When purchasing health insurance, your choices typically fall into one of three categories:

  • Traditional fee-for-service health insurance plans are usually the most expensive choice, but they offer you the most flexibility in choosing health care providers.
  • Health maintenance organizations (HMOs) offer lower co-payments and cover the costs of more preventive care, but your choice of health care providers is limited to those who are part of the plan.
  • Preferred provider organizations (PPOs) offer lower co-payments like HMOs but give you more flexibility in selecting a provider.

Choosing a Health Insurance Plan

Read the fine print when choosing among different health care plans. Also ask a lot of questions, such as:

  • Do I have the right to go to any doctor, hospital, clinic, or pharmacy I choose?
  • Are specialists, such as eye doctors and dentists, covered?
  • Does the plan cover special conditions or treatments such as pregnancy, psychiatric care, and physical therapy?
  • Does the plan cover home care or nursing home care?
  • Will the plan cover all medications my physician may prescribe?
  • What are the deductibles? Are there any co-payments? Deductibles are the amount you must pay before your insurance company will pay a claim. These differ from co-payments, which are the amount of money you pay when you receive medical services or a prescription.
  • What is the most I will have to pay out of my own pocket to cover expenses?
  • If there is a dispute about a bill or service, how is it handled?

Do you have a question?

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Last Updated: March 6, 2020

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