Niger State is rich in tourist places , most of tourist places in Nigeria is located at Niger State .
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
There are numerous tourist attraction sites in the State such as the following:
1. ZUMA ROCK
- Zuma Rock is located in Niger State .
- Zuma Rock reflects a beautiful and special
natural rock formation , it provides a good
environment for picnicking and relaxation .
- During the raining season , the apex of the
Zuma Rock catches fire while it’s raining .
- It is believed to possess magical powers ,
which has made enemies powerless and
provided the Gwari natives with a hiding
- It is believed that anytime the sound of a
door is heard opening and closing on the
rock , a big personality passes on .
It is believed that when people die , their spirits go to the rock .
- It is believed that anytime the sound of a
door is heard opening and closing on the
rock, a big personality passes on .
- Traditionally , since masquerades are believed
to be the spirit of the dead , it is believed that
all masquerades originated from Zuma Rock .
- It is believed that the Rock sits on a large
expanse of water , which if allowed to flow
out , has the capability to cover a large
portion of land .
- The Rock houses the most powerful spirits
around its environs .
- It is believed that before the end of time Zuma will be at the centre of an enormous settlement .
- The iconic image of Zuma Rock appears on
the 100 Naira bill .
- Zuma rock has natural contours which project
the image of a human face with a visible
mouth , eyes , and nose .
- The Rock was used by the natives of Gbagyi / Gwari as
a defense against any external force that may
want to invade their community .
- The Rock is twice as high as the Uluru Rock
in Australia , and more than four times as high
as Nigeria’s tallest building , NECOM House .
- is believed to possess magical powers ,
which has made enemies powerless and
provided the Gwari / Gbari natives with a hiding
Zuma Rock is Located Niger State along Kaduna – Abuja express way , is beautiful , giant of a rock used for defensive purpose by the Gwari natives against invading neighbouring tribes during the inter-tribal wars .
The rock is believed to possess certain power which rendered enemies powerless and provided the natives with a good hiding place .
As the tourist gets closer , a human like face becomes visible with engravings representing the eye sockets , the nose and the mouth on the side of the rock that faces the Abuja – Kaduna express road .
Zuma Rock represents a beautiful and unique natural work of rock formation .
If offers a good environment for picnicking and relaxation .
A Five Star Hotel , Zuma Rock Resort International Limited is being constructed near the rock .
It is impossible for Visitors and Tourists who come to Abuja not to see this magnificent structure , as it has always been a centre of attraction for them .
Although it is located at Madala , Niger State , it has over time become a major symbol of Abuja’s landscape , due to its close proximity to Abuja City .
Behind the rock is the Zuma Rock Nigerian Village , which was built to accommodate tourists visiting the rock .
The other mountains in and around it stay a considerable distance from it , which the Zuba people see as a form of respect being paid by the other mountains to Zuma Rock for its royal presence in the locality .
History Of Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock was first located in a thick forest by the people of Zuba and the Koro in the 15th century when they settled around the Rock . The Zuba people named the rock , “ Zumwa ”, which means “ the place of catching Guinea Fowls ”.
Thus , the name “ Zuma ” may be derived from Nupe people or Gbagyi people .
On getting to the forest , they settled within a mile radius around it and constructed a couple of settlements .
On discovering that the rock had strong spirits , they worshipped it , offered constant sacrifices , and organized festivals in honor of the rock .
Thus , within its environment , this rock is regarded as the strongest idol , both for its size and strong spirits. Over time , it has been used for defensive purposes by the natives of Gwari / Gbagyi against invading neighboring tribes such as Nupe , Koro .
Zuma Rock is very popular landmark in Nigeria .
It is 3.1 kilometers in circumference and stands tall at a height of about 725 meters above the surrounding area , which is more than the height of Aso Rock and Olumo Rock combined .
At the time FCT was carved out , it was well known that the physical boundary of FCT dissected the Rock , with the larger part falling into Niger State and the smaller part falling into FCT .
Therefore , geographically it is in between Niger State and FCT , Abuja .
Generally referred to as the Gateway to Abuja , it stands ostensibly at the Northern end of Abuja , on the Abuja-Kaduna expressway .
Best Time To Visit Zuma Rock
Visiting Zuma Rock between April and October , which marks the rainy season in central Nigeria where the rock is situated , would afford you the opportunity of seeing the much talked Zuma Rock Fire , as the apex of the Rock catches fire under heavy rainfall. Over time , this has remained one of the wonders to behold .
Interest Things To Do At Zuma Rock
For first time climbers , it’s advisable you climb the Rock through the Eastside .
Climbing the mountain can be a daunting challenge but with adequate preparation, you’re good to go .
In order to avoid any hazard and ensure your safety, you should be armed with items like climbing rope, helmet , and hiking shoes .
Ensure that you have an expert climber by your side .
Join a group of rock climbers to go hiking and mountain climbing. Climbing the rock takes about 5 hours and it gives you the opportunity of having an aerial view of Abuja City as well as its environs .
Also, view the face of the Zuma Rock from the southwestern wing as well as in the evening .
Do not leave Zuma Rock without visiting the Zuma Rock village which lies stately behind the rock.
Facts About Zuma Rock
2. GURARA WATER FALLS ( BONU VILLAGE )
Guarar Water Falls is located in Niger State , is wonderful water falls which is best described as Nigeria’s Premier Falls is located at kilometre 76 along Minna-Suleja road. From Suleja to the junction is about 45 kms, while from the junction to the Falls is about 2 km.
Gurara Falls got its name from Village bordering the river and was used for sacrifices by the Gbagyi s of Bonu in Gawu District .
The sacrificial activities started to diminish when some Europeans discovered the place and found it suitable for recreational activities on weekends .
( They decided to develop the place into a reputable tourist resort ).
Gurara water falls is one of the nation’s greatest potential holiday resorts .
A tarred road leads to the falls where there are a mini bar and a permanent pavilion which is erected at a strategic point thus offering to tourists the best view of the Falls while sitting and relaxing
The Falls is at its peak during the month of April to October while it is lowest in January to March.
3. BARO PORT
Baro Port is located in Niger State
Baro Port was used in colonial days to transport goods by ship to foreign countries through River Niger and from overseas to Nigeria .
A railway line terminus ( Minna - Baro ) exists where goods were transported from the hinterland to the port for export and vice versa .
The warehouse where goods were stored can still be seen at the port .
Baro town and river port , Niger State , west central Nigeria , on the Niger River , 400 miles ( 650 km ) from the sea .
Originally a small village of the Nupe people , it was selected by the British as Nigeria’s link between rail and river transport ; its solid bank — rare along the Lower Niger — could be used for loading river craft with Northern Nigeria’s cotton crop .
Although the 350- mile ( 565-km ) Baro – Kano railway was completed in 1911 , it was shortly eclipsed in importance by a railroad built farther north, and the Baro – Kano line is no longer in use. From July to March , however , Baro is still used to ship peanuts ( groundnuts ). and cotton downstream to the Niger Delta ports of Burutu and Warri .
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Most of the town’s local trade is in Sorghum , yams , rice , millet , fish , palm oil , shea nuts, peanuts (groundnuts), and cotton .
Swamp rice is cultivated commercially both by farmers in the vicinity and at the government’s irrigated rice projects at Loguma ( 10 miles [15 km] northwest ) and Badegi ( 35 miles [55 km] northwest ) .
4. BARO EMPIRE HILL
Baro Empire Hill is located in Niger State
Baro is a town about 54 kilometres away from Agaie town ; the headquarters of Agaie Local Government Area .
Baro Empire Hill’ is a flat- topped hill which commands a magnificent view across River Niger .
At the top of the hill, there are remains of Lord Lugard’s first headquarters and an H.F Radio Station used by him .
Also, there is a track leading to the top of the hill for vehicles like Jeeps and LandRovers to pass through .
While on top of the hill tourists can get the best view of the ancient “ Baro Post ” used in the colonial days .
5. RIVER NIGER
River Niger is located in Niger State .
The River Niger , principal river of western Africa.
With a length of 2,600 miles ( 4,200 km ), it is the third longest river in Africa , after the Nile and the Congo . The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks .
Along its course it is known by several names.
These include the Joliba ( Malinke: “ great river ”) in its upper course; the Mayo Balleo and the Isa Eghirren in its central reach; and the Kwara , Kwora , or Quora in its lower stretch .
The Niger rises in Guinea at 9°05′ N and 10°47′ W on the eastern side of the Fouta Djallon (Guinea) highlands , only 150 miles (240 km) inland from the Atlantic Ocean .
Issuing as the Tembi from a deep ravine 2,800 feet (850 metres) above sea level , it flows due north over the first 100 miles (160 km) .
It then follows a northeasterly direction , during the course of which it receives its upper tributaries—the Mafou , the Niandan , the Milo , and the Sankarani on the right and the Tinkisso on the left — and enters Mali . Just below Bamako , Mali’s capital , the Sotuba Dam marks the end of the upper river .
ALSO SEE: The History Of River Niger
From there the River Niger once dropped more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in about 40 miles (60 km) into a valley formed by tectonic subsidence ; but the rapids in this stretch have been submerged by the waters backed up by the Markala Dam, located some 150 miles (240 km) downstream of the Sotuba Dam near Sansanding .
In this stretch , at Koulikoro , the river takes a more east-northeasterly direction , and its bed becomes fairly free from impediments for about 1,000 miles ( 1,600 km ).
At Mopti the Niger is joined by the Bani , its largest tributary on the right, after which it enters a region of lakes , creeks , and backwaters that is often called the “ internal delta ” of the River Niger. These lakes are chiefly on the left bank and are connected to the river by channels that undergo seasonal changes in the direction of flow. At high water most of the lakes become part of a general inundation. Largest of the lakes in this region is Lake Faguibine , which is nearly 75 miles ( 120 km ) long , 15 miles ( 25 km ) wide, and more than 160 feet (50 metres) deep in places .
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The labyrinth of lakes , creeks , and backwaters comes to an end at Kabara, the port of Timbuktu ( Tombouctou ).
There , the river turns almost due east , passing its most northern point at latitude 17°05′ N .
Some 250 miles ( 400 km ) downstream from Timbuktu , a rocky ridge that obstructs the course of the river is pierced by a defile ( narrow gorge ) more than a mile long , with an average width of about 800 feet ( 240 metres ) and a depth of more than 100 feet ( 30 metres ) in places. At low water the strong current there endangers navigation .
A short way downstream the river turns to the southeast and widens considerably , flowing to Gao across a floodplain 3 to 6 miles ( 5 to 10 km ) wide .
This most northerly bend of the River Niger flows through the southern fringe of the Sahara .
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The middle course of the River Niger is navigable to small craft during high water as far downstream as Ansongo some 1,100 miles ( 1,770 km ) in all .
Below Ansongo , 430 miles ( 690 km ) downstream from Timbuktu , navigability is interrupted by a series of defiles and rapids .
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The river becomes navigable to small vessels again at Labbezanga from which it flows into Niger and continues to be navigable to the Atlantic Ocean
Navigation is seasonal , however , because of the fluctuations in the water level in the rainy and dry seasons .
6. FREDERICK LORD LUGARD COLONIAL RUINS AT ( ZUNGERU )
Lord Lugard House was located in Zungeru , Niger State
Lord Lugard’s Colonial Secretariat , ( before moving to Kaduna ) is located at Zungeru .
From this secretariat, Lugard amalgamated the Northern and the Southern parts of Nigeria .
Therefore Zungeru conveniently served as Nigeria’s first capital .
Also located at Zungeru , is a cemetery consisting of about one hundred graves of white colonial aides to Lord Lugard. An example is the grave of Dr. A. A. Smith , the founder of Scouts and West African Frontier Forces , who died on 4th January , 1903 .
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Fredrick Lord Lugard house was formerly located at Zungeru before it was moved to Kaduna , the Lord Lugard’s Colonial Secretariat is a site to behold .
This was where the first colonial master of Nigeria ruled Nigeria and used as his own capital , and from where he established the Northern and Southern amalgamations of Nigeria .
Zungeru , Niger State , was the town where the amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates was signed on January 1 , 1914 , by Lord Frederick Lugard , the first Governor-General of Nigeria .
There is a cemetery containing about 100 graves and in which early white settlers which served as colonial aides to Lord Lugard were buried in Zungeru ; and here was Dr. A. A. Smith buried on January 4 , 1903 , he founded the Scouts Club and the West African Frontier Forces .
Zungeru was the capital town of the vast Northern Region at the time , and had been since 1902 .
Lord Lugard would eventually move the capital to Kaduna in 1916 , effectively relegating it to a side note in the country’s history where it remains today .
7. THE MOVING ROCK
Moving Rock is located in Niger State
This rock is situated at the western part of Gwagwade village in Auna district .
Evidences have shown that when the rock wanted to move , a loud sound was normally heard throughout the village at night and the following morning , the rock would no longer be found .
This rock was said to have been moving at unspecified periods .
This movement according to the inhabitants , the rock was said to possess two husbands… one at Gwagwade village in Niger State and another at Kinkya in Ngaski district of Yauri Local Government , Kebbi State .
Presently , the rock is located at Kinkya in Kebbi State .
8. BINA FOOTPRINTS
Bina Footprints is located in Niger State
These footprints could be seen on the hill top in Bina village near Muye some kilometers east of Lapai .
The footprints also called (Dauda Woyaba) footprints are also believed to be that of Dabo who started his journey from Bina , later went to Gulu , performed his ablution and built his mosque , stayed for some times before leaving for Kano .
The footprints are still visible on the rock at Bina hilltop .
Bina Footprints is called Dauda Woyaba by the locals ( Nupe ). You would see these visible footprints that are seen on a rock at a hill in a village called Bina .
Myth has it that it was a man called Dabo that has the footprints where he was observing his ablution rites .
9. SOJE (HUT) AT FOGBE
Soje Hut At Fogbe is located in Niger State
The Soje Hut was mysteriously and solely built overnight by one man called Ele .
Ele , a non- indigene of the area .
The villagers saw the completed building the following morning without roof .
However , the villagers decided to roof it to extend its life span .
The myth surrounding this Hut which is about 10 meters in diameter can accommodate a number of people no matter the number , there will still be space to accommodate more people , especially when the crowd argue among themselves on approaching it for its inability to contain them .
It is prohibited for the Emir of the area to sight the Hut or else he dies .
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10. FIRST RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVE ENGINE ( WUSHISHI TRAMWAY ENGINE NO. 1 )
First Railway Locomotive Engine ( Tramway Engine No. 1 ) was located in Wushishi , Niger State
Railway construction first began in 1889 with the construction of Lagos - Abeokuta line .
By 1901 , the line was extended to Ibadan and by 1908 the line reached Jebba .
The capital of the Northern Nigeria was Zungeru and the nearest terminal river port for the supply of urgently needed building and other necessary materials was Wushishi .
It was therefore decided to link Zungeru with Wushishi by means of steam tramway of 2 feet 6 inches gauge .
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The tramway was opened in 1901 and operated successfully for many years .
The first locomotive to run the steam tramway has been preserved and it stands under a canopy on the Railway platform at Minna railway station uptill date .
This preserved locomotive was the first steam engine to work in Northern Nigeria .
It was 0-6-07½ x 12” two cylinder 2.6” gauge locomotive built by Hunslet Engine Company, England and delivered to Nigeria on the 2nd of August, 1901 .
The engine ran on the 12” Wushishi - Zungeru - Barijuko Tramway and hauled the first train built to avoid a dangerous reach of water on the Niger rivers and Kaduna rivers in order that the then capital of Zungeru could be better placed .
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