- Location:- Latitude of 3.20’ east and longitude 8
and 11.3’ north
- State:- Niger state
- Motto:- The Power State
- Capital:- Minna
- Area:- 76,363 km˛ Ranked 1st
- Major Languages:- Nupe and Gbagyi
- Region:- North Central Region
- ISO 3166-2:- NG-NI
- Date Created:- 3 February 1976
- Population:- 140,003,542 ( 2006 ) National Census .
- Population Rank:- Ranked 18th
Former Military Head Of State ( Nigeria )
The name Niger State was derived from River Niger , the third longest river in Africa after the Nile and Congo rivers .
Niger State is situated in the north-central geopolitical zone of Nigeria with Minna as its capital city .
Other major cities in the Niger State include :
Niger State was Established in 1976 , the State was created out of the defunct North-Western States .
Niger State is the largest State in Nigeria with a vast land mass of 86,000km2; approximately 8.6 million hectares constituting about 9.3% of the total land area of the country .
Niger State was carved out of the former North - Western State ( Sokoto ) by the late Head of State , General Murtala Ramat Mohammed in February , 1976 .
It however came to being on 1st April , the same year .
SEE ALSO: Top 10 Coldest Countries In The World
The national census board recorded Niger State a total number of 140,003,542 ( 2006 ).
Before the creation of one additional Local Government Area ( Shiroro Local Government Area ) from the former Chanchaga Local Government by Babangida’s administration in 1987 , the State was constitutionally administered under nine ( 9 ) Local Governments. With the above development therefore , the State was later administered under ten ( 10 ) Local Government Areas .
ALSO SEE: The History Of Nupe People
With creation of additional States and Local Governments in 1991 by President Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida , four (4) more local governments were created in the State .
They are Rijau Local Government with headquarters at Rijau while its former name , Magama was transferred to Nasko as its headquarters ; parts of Mariga and newly merged Borgu Local Government to the State from Kwara State were carved out to form Agwara Local Government with headquarters at Agwara .
Wushishi Local Government was also carved out from Mariga Local Government with headquarters at Wushishi .
Another creation of additional local governments on 19th September , 1991 gave birth to five (5) local governments in the State .
Gurara Local Government was carved out of the present Suleja Local Government, Gawu-Babangida as its headquarters, Paikoro and Bosso Local Government Areas were created from the former Chanchaga Local Government, with Paiko and Maikunkele as Local Government Headquarters respectively .
ALSO SEE: The History Of The Gbagyi People
What remained of the former Chanchaga Local Government headquarters has also retained its name , Chanchaga .
Gbako Local Government was split into two (2) and the name Gbako transferred to a local government with headquarters at Lemu , while Bida became the Local Government headquarters of the newly created Bida Local Government Area .
Lavun was split into two (2). This action gave birth to the creation of Mokwa Local Government with headquarters at Mokwa while Kutigi remains the headquarters of Lavun Local Government Area .
The remaining four (4) local government areas , Shiroro , Agaie , Lapai , Rafi remain untouched .
ALSO SEE: The First Professor In Nupe Land
With the creation of additional States and Local Government Areas in 1996 by the Head of State General Sani Abacha , six (6) more Local Governments were created in the State .
These are Tafa Local Government with headquarters at Sabon Wuse carved out of Suleja Local Government ;
Edati Local Government with headquarters at Enagi carved out of Lavun Local Government ;
Munya Local Government with headquarters at Sarkin Pawa carved out of Shiroro Local Government ;
Mashegu Local Government , with headquarters at Mashegu carved out of Wushishi Local Government ;
Katcha Local Government with headquarters as Bangi carved out of Kontagora Local Government Area.
Constitutionally , the State is now administered under 25 Local Governments .
NIGER STATE LOCATION
This State lies between the latitude of 3.20’ east and longitude 8 and 11.3’ north.
It is bordered to the North by Sokoto State, West by Kebbi State , South by Kogi and South-West by Kwara State .
Kaduna and Federal Capital Territory border the State to both North-East and South-East respectively .
The State has a common boundary with the Republic of Benin along New Bussa , Agwara and Wushishi Local Government Area .
This has given rise to common interborder trade between the two countries .
NIGER STATE LAND MASS
Niger State is the largest State in Nigeria in term of Land Mass .
Niger State covers a total land area of 83,266,779 square kilometres or about 8.3 million hectares which represent 8% of the total land area of Nigeria .
About 85% of the land is arable .
LGA / TOWNS IN NIGER STATE
There are 26 Local Government Area's in Niger State , these include :
Other Popular Towns and Villages in Niger State
Before the merger of Borgu Local Government with the State , in 1991 the 1963 National Population Census stood at 1,194,508 .
With the release of the 1991 population figure by the Federal Government in 1992, Niger State has 2,482,367 people.
The spill-over of population from the Federal Capital , Abuja is also increasing the population growth of the State .
ETHNIC GROUPS / TRIBES IN NIGER STATE
The major tribes in Niger State are Nupe Tribe and Gbagyi Tribe , Niger State is also home to most Middle Belt Tribes ( North Central ).
They also speak Hausa in other part of Niger State as Official language but Hausa people are not indegene in Niger State , Hausa people penetrated in Niger State for the purpose business , they call them selves ( En Chirani " in Hausa language " which means " Business People " ), then after they claims to be indegene in other part of the state .
Below Are The List Of Indegeneous Tribes Of Niger State
1. Nupe Tribe
2. Gbagyi Tribe
3. Kakanda Tribe
4. Dibo Tribe
5. Koro Tribe
6. Kupa Tribe
7. Pangu Tribe
8. Zuru Tribe
9. Kamuku Tribe
10. Kambari Tribe
11. Gana Gana Tribe
12. Abawa Tribe
11. Bussu Tribe
The Kambari and Kamuku are located at Mariga , Magama and Rafi Local Government .
ALSO SEE: Top 10 Most Educated Tribe In Nigeria
WARDS IN NIGER STATE
|Agie||Baro , Boku , Dauaci , Ekossa , Ekobadeggi , Ekowugi , Ekowuna , Etsugale , Kutiriko , Magaji , Tagagi|
|Agwara||Adehe , Agwata , Busuru , Gallah , Kashini , Kokoli , Mago , Papiri , Rofia , Suteku|
|Bida||Bariki , Ceniyan , Dokodza , Kyari , Landzun , Masaba i , Masaba ii , Masaba iii , Mayaki Ndajiya , Nassarafu , Umaru Majigi ii , Umaru Majigi i , Wadata|
|Borgu||Babanna , Dugga , Kabe / Pissa , Karabonde , Konkoso , Malale , New Bussa , Riverine , Shagunu , Wawa|
|Bosso||Beji , Bosso central i , Bosso central ii , Chanchaga , Garatu , Gampala , Kodo , Kampala , Shata , Maikunkele , Maitumbi|
|Chanchaga||Limawa A , Limawa B , Makera , Minna Central , Minna South , Nassarawa A , Nassarawa B , Nassarawa C , Sabon Gari , Tudun Wada North , Tudun Wada South|
|Edati||Enagi , Etsu Tasha , Fazhi , Guzan , Gazhe i , Gazhe ii , Gbangban , Gonagi , Rokota , Sakpe|
|Gbako||Batagi , Batako , Edokota , Lemu , Edozhigi , Etsu Audu , Gbadafu , Gogata , Nuwankota , Sammajiko|
|Gurara||Bonu , Diko , Gawu , Izom , Kabo ,Kwaka , Lambata , Lefu , Shako ,Tufa|
|Katcha||Badeggi , Bakeko , Bisanti , Essa , Dzwafu , Edotsu , Gbakogi , Katcha , Kataregi , Sidi Saba|
|Kontagora||Arewa , Central , Gabas , kudu , Madara , Magajiya , Masuga , Rafin Gora , Yamma , Nagwamatse , Tungan Kawo , Usalle Tunganwawa|
|Lapai||Arewa / Yamma , Birnin Maza / Tashibo , Ebbo / Gbacinku , Evuti / Kapada, Gulu / Anguwa Vastsa , Gupa / Abugi , Gurdi / Zago , Kudu / Gabas , Muye / Egba , Takuti / Shaku|
|Lavun||Batai , Busu / Kuchi , Dabban , Doko , Dassun , Egbako , Gaba , Jima , Kusotachi , Kutigi , Lagun , Mambe|
|Magama||Anna Central , Anna East , Anna East Central , Anna South , Anna South East , Ibelu Central , Ibelu East , Ibelu North , Ibelu West, Nasko , Nassarawa|
|Mariga||Bangi , Beri , Bobi ,Galma / Wamba , Gulbin Boka , Igwama , Inkwai , Kakihum , Kontokoro , Kumbashi , Maburya|
|Mashegu||Babban Rami , Dapangi / Makera , Kaboji , Ibbi , Kasanga , Kulho , Kwatachi , Mashegu , Saho Rami , Mazakuka / Likoro|
|Mokwa||Bokani , Gbajibo / Muwo , Gbara , Ja’agi , Jebba North , Kpaki / Takuma , Kudu , Labozhi , Mokwa , Muregi , Rabba / Ndayako|
|Munya||Beni , Dandaudu , Dangunu , Gina , Daza , Fuka , Guni , Kabula , Kazai , Kuchi , Sarkin Pawa|
|Paikoro||Adunu , Chimbi , Gwam , Ishau , Jere , Kafin Koro , Kwagana , Kwakuti , Nikuchi / Mallam , Paiko Centra l, Tutungo Jedna|
|Rafi||Kagara Gari , Kakuri , Kundu , Yakila , Kongoma Central , Kongoma West , Kusherki North , Kusherk South , Sabon Gari , Tegina West , Tegina East|
|Rijau||Danrangi , Dugge , Dukku , Genu , Jama’are , Rijau , Shambo , T / Bunu , T / Magajiya , Ushe , Warari|
|Shiroro||Allawa , Bangajiya , Bassa / Kukoki , Egwa / Gwada , Erana , Galkogo , Gurmana , Gussoro , Kato , Pina , Manta , Kushaka / Kurebe , Manta , She , Ubadoma|
|Suleja||Bagama B , Bagamama A , Iku South , Iku North, Hashimi ‘a’, Hashimi , Kurmin Sarki , Magajiya , Maje North , Wambai|
|Tafa||Dogon Kurmi , Garam , Ija Gwari ,Ija Koro , Iku , New Bwari , Wuse Easy , Wuse West, Zuma East, ZumaWest|
|Wushishi||Akare , Barwa , Gwarjiko , Maito , Kanwuri , Kodo , Kwata, Maito , Lokogoma , Sabon Gari , Tukunji / Yamigi , Zungeru|
SOIL IN NIGER STATE
Like most alluvial soils , the soil in Niger State is the flood plain type and is characterized by considerable variations. The soil is of two main types which could be used for agriculture and are rich in minerals for the manufacture of various products. The two types of soil are :
- The Ku-soil which has little hazards .
- The Ya-soil which has a better water holding capacity.
OCCUPATION IN NIGER STATE
Majority of Nigerlites are civil servants while some are farmers , most Nupe and Gbagyi people are farmers , Nupe people are well known for the production of Rice while some of them that live on River Areas are fisher mens , Gbagyi people are well known for the production of Yam , some Nupe and Gbagyi people are engaged in other vocations such as manufacturing , business , production of poetry , crafts and arts .
NIGER STATE CLIMATE
Niger State experiences distinct dry and wet seasons with annual rainfall varying from 1,100mm in the Northern part of the State to 1,600 mm in the southern parts .
The maximum temperature is recorded between March and June , while the minimum is usually between December and January .
The rainy season lasts for about 150 days in the Northern parts of about 120 days in the Southern parts of the State .
Generally , the climate soil and hydrology of the State permit the cultivation of most of Nigeria’s staple crops and still allows sufficient opportunities for grazing , fresh water fishing and forestry development .
ECONOMY IN NIGER STATE
The State is very richly and abundantly endowed naturally .
The one most important asset cherished very much by Niger lites is the fertile land .
Added to this is the even climate of the geographical area which is characterized by very rich annual rainfall .
To crown it all , a wide variety of mineral and material resources are known to be available in the State. Therefore , whether the interest is agriculture or industry , Niger State has the capacity to sustain it .
This is why Niger lites are collectively resolved that Nigeria’s strive for self-reliance and sufficiency could be facilitated and rapidly realized in Niger State .
The State has numerous exportable commodities begging for patronage .
NIGER STATE ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
Niger State is popuarly known as “ The Power State ” because there are three ( 3 ) Hydro-Electric Stations in the state which are Shiroro Dam Power Station , Kainji Dam Power Station and Jebba Dam Power Station .
Niger State is the acclaimed “ Power House ” of the nation because it houses three hydro-electric power stations in the State .
They are the Shiroro hydroelectric power station commissioned in June 1990 by president Ibrahim Babangida with initial capacity of 600 mega watts , the renowned 500 MW Kainji generating plant and the Jebba Hydro - electricity dam .
It is a fact that all major towns in the State and indeed , all Local Government Headquarters except one – Agwara – have been connected to the national grid .
Even in the case of Agwara , work is in progress to get the local government connected to the national grid.Similarly , other smaller towns that cannot readily enjoy electricity from the national grid are being served by the State’s Rural Electrification efforts. Therefore electricity power does not pose a problem to the potential investor in Niger State .
Niger Dams Project , series of three dams
and reservoirs built in the second half of
the 20th century in Kwara , Niger , and Kebbi
states , north western Nigeria , on the Niger
and Kaduna rivers .
3 MAJOR HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER STATION IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
3 MAJOR HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER STATION IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
The first of the dams was built at Kainji in 1969 . Its reservoir , Kainji Lake , supports irrigation and fishing projects in the states in which it lies .
On its western shore , Lake Kainji National Park , including the Borgu and Zugurma game reserves , has promoted the tourism industry .
The dam and hydroelectric power plant at Jebba , 64 miles ( 103 km ) from the Kainji Dam , were completed in 1984 , and the dam at Shiroro Gorge on the Kaduna River , west of Bida in Niger state , began operations in 1990 .
ALSO SEE: The NUPE TIMELINE By Áma Ndagi Abdullahi
Heavy flooding in September 1999 forced the operators of Kainji , Jebba , and Shiroro to open the dams to protect the structures and prevent them from overflowing .
The massive quantities of additional water exacerbated the disastrous flooding , forcing local inhabitants from their homes and submerging neighbouring villages and cropland .
In 2007 funding was approved for the rehabilitation of the Kainji and Jebba installations .
Niger State houses the three major hydro electric power stations in Nigeria namely :
Kainji Dam is one of the longest dams in the world .
It is also the first dam to be built in Nigeria .
It is around 50 years old dam and still fully functional .
It is constructed across the famous river Niger , in the northern parts of Nigeria .
Many people were forced to resettle when the construction work started. And this increased the marginal cost of the dam. Around $209 million was spent on its full and final construction .
The construction work of the dam started in the year 1964. In 1968, the dam was completed and operated for the first time since. The development operation was conducted out by Italian Civil Engineering Contractors and Joint Consultants, Balfour Beatty and Nedeco .
Kainji Dam stretches approximately 10 kilometres in length .
The dam is made up of the mixture of both earth and concrete. The principal section of the dam is around 550 metres across the river .
The centre of the dam is 65 metres high .
This makes it one of the longest dams in the world .
The dam has a single-lock container proficient of uplifting ships 49 metres (161 ft) .
The installations of the turbines on the dam have not been carried so well as thought .
Only 8 turbines work as compared to the 12 installed .
4 others have already given up their duties .
The loss in the turbine , in turn , affected the generation capacity of the energy .
Designed to produce 960 MegaWatts , it could only generate 760 MegaWatts .
The dam is a huge source of electricity for the whole nation .
The productions happen so that electricity is even sold to the neighbouring countries .
The main challenge faced by the officials maintaining the is drought conditions. The dam could not generate output as predicted .
Kainji dam was built looking after many important facts for the local people and the nation .
The dam contributes electrical energy , water control of the Niger down to the Kaduna River confluence , enhanced river navigation upstream to Yelwa in Kebbi state , as well as waters for irrigation and fishing .
The dam also supports basics amenities to the people like boating, picnic spots , camping grounds , etc .
Besides helping the farmers, it helps the local areas save from destruction of life and wealth through flood situations .
Dams form reservoirs that supply water for many uses , including industrial , corporate , and agricultural .
Moreover , dams render magnified environmental stability , such as the retention of precarious substances and pernicious sedimentation .
Jebba , Niger state , North Central Nigeria , it lies on the south bank and at the natural head of navigation of the Niger River , 550 miles (885 km) from the sea .
It is populated by the predominantly Muslim Nupe people , whose kingdom , refounded by Tsoede , flourished in the region in the early 16th century .
From this period date the noted Jebba bronzes .
The island of Jebba in the Niger River still retains a traditional Nupe settlement .
The town was reached by the Scottish explorer Mungo Park , who was shipwrecked and drowned in the Bussa Rapids north of Jebba about 1806 and whose monument now stands on Jebba Island .
From 1886 to 1900 Jebba was the northern limit of the territory governed by the Royal Niger Company .
From 1898 to 1902 it served as headquarters for Sir Frederick Lugard’s West African Frontier Force and was thus the first capital of the British protectorate of Northern Nigeria from 1900 to 1902 .
The Lagos Ibadan railway was extended to Jebba in 1909 and was linked with the Kano - Baro line by the construction of a two-section railway bridge ( with a total span of 1,795 feet [547 m] ) over the Niger River in 1915 .
This new rail link fostered the development of Jebba as a trade and transport centre .
Yam , Corn ( Maize ), Cassava ( .anioc ), Sorghum , Rice , Shea nuts , Sweet Potato , Ground nuts , Guenea corn , Milet , Bambara nuts and also Cattle are now the town’s main agricultural products .
Sugarcane is grown on the Bacita sugar estate ( 10 miles downriver ) and refined at the nearby sugar factory .
Jebba’s local handicrafts include cotton weaving and pottery manufacture in Nupe Villages .
There is also a pulp and paper factory located in the town .
In 1984 a dam and hydroelectric power plant were completed at Jebba as part of the Niger Dams Project , which includes Kainja Dam and provides much of Nigeria’s hydroelectric power .
A four-lane highway bridge was constructed in the late 1970s to carry the south – north trunk highway from Lagos. Jebba is part of the Moro local government area . Pop .
(2006) local government area ,108,792.
The Shiroro dam in Niger State derives its name from Shiroro Village which lies within the very shadow of the dam .
Some would say it is the dam which lies within the Shadow of the village , but ones position on this matter depends so much on where you are coming from .
The village is truly host community to the dam, but it is a case of the guest overcoming and shunning the host , the miracle of the weaker becoming the stronger! Completed in the mid 1980s , the Shiroro dam has a reservoir area of 312km , and is located along the Rivers Kaduna and Sarkin Pawa .
Stations respectively hence the official Slogan / Ttitle “ Power State ” .
Collectively , these three produce nearly 2000 MW of electricity to major cities across all over Nigeria .
Niger State is rich in tourism centres , most of tourism places in Nigeria is located at Niger State .
TOURISM CENTRES IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
TOURISM CENTRES IN NIGER STATE , NIGERIA
There are numerous tourist attraction sites in the State such as the following:
1. ZUMA ROCK
Zuma Rock is Located Niger State along Kaduna – Abuja express way , is beautiful , giant of a rock used for defensive purpose by the Gwari natives against invading neighbouring tribes during the inter-tribal wars .
The rock is believed to possess certain power which rendered enemies powerless and provided the natives with a good hiding place .
As the tourist gets closer , a human like face becomes visible with engravings representing the eye sockets , the nose and the mouth on the side of the rock that faces the Abuja – Kaduna express road .
Zuma Rock represents a beautiful and unique natural work of rock formation .
If offers a good environment for picnicking and relaxation .
A Five Star Hotel , Zuma Rock Resort International Limited is being constructed near the rock .
It is impossible for Visitors and Tourists who come to Abuja not to see this magnificent structure , as it has always been a centre of attraction for them .
Although it is located at Madala , Niger State , it has over time become a major symbol of Abuja’s landscape , due to its close proximity to Abuja City .
Behind the rock is the Zuma Rock Nigerian Village , which was built to accommodate tourists visiting the rock .
The other mountains in and around it stay a considerable distance from it , which the Zuba people see as a form of respect being paid by the other mountains to Zuma Rock for its royal presence in the locality .
- Zuma Rock is located in Niger State .
- The iconic image of Zuma Rock appears on
the 100 Naira bill .
- Zuma rock has natural contours which project
the image of a human face with a visible
mouth , eyes , and nose .
- The Rock was used by the natives of Gbagyi / Gwari as
a defense against any external force that may
want to invade their community .
- The Rock is twice as high as the Uluru Rock
in Australia , and more than four times as high
as Nigeria’s tallest building , NECOM House .
- is believed to possess magical powers ,
which has made enemies powerless and
provided the Gwari / Gbari natives with a hiding
- Zuma Rock reflects a beautiful and special
natural rock formation , it provides a good
environment for picnicking and relaxation .
- During the raining season , the apex of the
Zuma Rock catches fire while it’s raining .
- It is believed to possess magical powers ,
which has made enemies powerless and
provided the Gwari natives with a hiding
- It is believed that anytime the sound of a
door is heard opening and closing on the
rock , a big personality passes on .
It is believed that when people die , their spirits go to the rock .
- It is believed that anytime the sound of a
door is heard opening and closing on the
rock, a big personality passes on .
- Traditionally , since masquerades are believed
to be the spirit of the dead , it is believed that
all masquerades originated from Zuma Rock .
- It is believed that the Rock sits on a large
expanse of water , which if allowed to flow
out , has the capability to cover a large
portion of land .
- The Rock houses the most powerful spirits
around its environs .
- It is believed that before the end of time Zuma will be at the centre of an enormous settlement .
History Of Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock was first located in a thick forest by the people of Zuba and the Koro in the 15th century when they settled around the Rock. The Zuba people named the rock , “ Zumwa ”, which means “ the place of catching Guinea Fowls ”.
Thus , the name “ Zuma ” may be derived from Nupe people or Gbagyi people .
On getting to the forest , they settled within a mile radius around it and constructed a couple of settlements .
On discovering that the rock had strong spirits , they worshipped it , offered constant sacrifices , and organized festivals in honor of the rock .
Thus , within its environment , this rock is regarded as the strongest idol , both for its size and strong spirits. Over time , it has been used for defensive purposes by the natives of Gwari / Gbagyi against invading neighboring tribes such as Nupe , Koro .
Zuma Rock is very popular landmark in Nigeria .
It is 3.1 kilometers in circumference and stands tall at a height of about 725 meters above the surrounding area , which is more than the height of Aso Rock and Olumo Rock combined .
At the time FCT was carved out , it was well known that the physical boundary of FCT dissected the Rock , with the larger part falling into Niger State and the smaller part falling into FCT .
Therefore , geographically it is in between Niger State and FCT , Abuja .
Generally referred to as the Gateway to Abuja , it stands ostensibly at the Northern end of Abuja , on the Abuja-Kaduna expressway .
Best Time To Visit Zuma Rock
Visiting Zuma Rock between April and October , which marks the rainy season in central Nigeria where the rock is situated , would afford you the opportunity of seeing the much talked Zuma Rock Fire , as the apex of the Rock catches fire under heavy rainfall. Over time , this has remained one of the wonders to behold .
Interest Things To Do At Zuma Rock
For first time climbers , it’s advisable you climb the Rock through the Eastside .
Climbing the mountain can be a daunting challenge but with adequate preparation, you’re good to go .
In order to avoid any hazard and ensure your safety, you should be armed with items like climbing rope, helmet , and hiking shoes .
Ensure that you have an expert climber by your side .
Join a group of rock climbers to go hiking and mountain climbing. Climbing the rock takes about 5 hours and it gives you the opportunity of having an aerial view of Abuja City as well as its environs .
Also, view the face of the Zuma Rock from the southwestern wing as well as in the evening .
Do not leave Zuma Rock without visiting the Zuma Rock village which lies stately behind the rock.
Facts About Zuma Rock
2. GURARA WATER FALLS ( BONU VILLAGE )
Guarar Water Falls is located in Niger State , is wonderful water falls which is best described as Nigeria’s Premier Falls is located at kilometre 76 along Minna-Suleja road. From Suleja to the junction is about 45 kms, while from the junction to the Falls is about 2 km.
Gurara Falls got its name from Village bordering the river and was used for sacrifices by the Gbagyi s of Bonu in Gawu District .
The sacrificial activities started to diminish when some Europeans discovered the place and found it suitable for recreational activities on weekends .
( They decided to develop the place into a reputable tourist resort ).
Gurara water falls is one of the nation’s greatest potential holiday resorts .
A tarred road leads to the falls where there are a mini bar and a permanent pavilion which is erected at a strategic point thus offering to tourists the best view of the Falls while sitting and relaxing
The Falls is at its peak during the month of April to October while it is lowest in January to March.
3. BARO PORT
Baro Port is located in Niger State
Baro Port was used in colonial days to transport goods by ship to foreign countries through River Niger and from overseas to Nigeria .
A railway line terminus ( Minna - Baro ) exists where goods were transported from the hinterland to the port for export and vice versa .
The warehouse where goods were stored can still be seen at the port .
Baro town and river port , Niger State , west central Nigeria , on the Niger River , 400 miles ( 650 km ) from the sea .
Originally a small village of the Nupe people , it was selected by the British as Nigeria’s link between rail and river transport ; its solid bank — rare along the Lower Niger — could be used for loading river craft with Northern Nigeria’s cotton crop .
Although the 350- mile ( 565-km ) Baro – Kano railway was completed in 1911 , it was shortly eclipsed in importance by a railroad built farther north, and the Baro–Kano line is no longer in use. From July to March, however, Baro is still used to ship peanuts (groundnuts) and cotton downstream to the Niger Delta ports of Burutu and Warri .
ALSO SEE: The Hairstyles In African Culture
Most of the town’s local trade is in Sorghum , yams , rice , millet , fish , palm oil , shea nuts, peanuts (groundnuts), and cotton .
Swamp rice is cultivated commercially both by farmers in the vicinity and at the government’s irrigated rice projects at Loguma ( 10 miles [15 km] northwest ) and Badegi ( 35 miles [55 km] northwest ) .
4. BARO EMPIRE HILLBaro Empire Hill is located in Niger State
Baro is a town about 54 kilometres away from Agaie town ; the headquarters of Agaie Local Government Area .
Baro Empire Hill’ is a flat- topped hill which commands a magnificent view across River Niger .
At the top of the hill, there are remains of Lord Lugard’s first headquarters and an H.F Radio Station used by him .
Also, there is a track leading to the top of the hill for vehicles like Jeeps and LandRovers to pass through .
While on top of the hill tourists can get the best view of the ancient “ Baro Post ” used in the colonial days .
5. RIVER NIGER
River Niger is located in Niger State .
The River Niger , principal river of western Africa.
With a length of 2,600 miles ( 4,200 km ), it is the third longest river in Africa , after the Nile and the Congo . The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks .
Along its course it is known by several names.
These include the Joliba ( Malinke: “ great river ”) in its upper course; the Mayo Balleo and the Isa Eghirren in its central reach; and the Kwara , Kwora , or Quora in its lower stretch .
The Niger rises in Guinea at 9°05′ N and 10°47′ W on the eastern side of the Fouta Djallon (Guinea) highlands , only 150 miles (240 km) inland from the Atlantic Ocean .
Issuing as the Tembi from a deep ravine 2,800 feet (850 metres) above sea level , it flows due north over the first 100 miles (160 km) .
It then follows a northeasterly direction , during the course of which it receives its upper tributaries—the Mafou , the Niandan , the Milo , and the Sankarani on the right and the Tinkisso on the left — and enters Mali . Just below Bamako , Mali’s capital , the Sotuba Dam marks the end of the upper river .
From there the River Niger once dropped more than 1,000 feet (300 metres) in about 40 miles (60 km) into a valley formed by tectonic subsidence ; but the rapids in this stretch have been submerged by the waters backed up by the Markala Dam, located some 150 miles (240 km) downstream of the Sotuba Dam near Sansanding .
In this stretch , at Koulikoro , the river takes a more east-northeasterly direction , and its bed becomes fairly free from impediments for about 1,000 miles ( 1,600 km ).
ALSO SEE: The History Of River Niger
At Mopti the Niger is joined by the Bani , its largest tributary on the right, after which it enters a region of lakes , creeks , and backwaters that is often called the “ internal delta ” of the River Niger. These lakes are chiefly on the left bank and are connected to the river by channels that undergo seasonal changes in the direction of flow. At high water most of the lakes become part of a general inundation. Largest of the lakes in this region is Lake Faguibine , which is nearly 75 miles ( 120 km ) long , 15 miles ( 25 km ) wide, and more than 160 feet (50 metres) deep in places .
The labyrinth of lakes , creeks , and backwaters comes to an end at Kabara, the port of Timbuktu ( Tombouctou ).
There , the river turns almost due east , passing its most northern point at latitude 17°05′ N .
Some 250 miles ( 400 km ) downstream from Timbuktu , a rocky ridge that obstructs the course of the river is pierced by a defile ( narrow gorge ) more than a mile long , with an average width of about 800 feet ( 240 metres ) and a depth of more than 100 feet ( 30 metres ) in places. At low water the strong current there endangers navigation .
A short way downstream the river turns to the southeast and widens considerably , flowing to Gao across a floodplain 3 to 6 miles ( 5 to 10 km ) wide .
This most northerly bend of the River Niger flows through the southern fringe of the Sahara .
The middle course of the River Niger is navigable to small craft during high water as far downstream as Ansongo some 1,100 miles ( 1,770 km ) in all .
Below Ansongo , 430 miles ( 690 km ) downstream from Timbuktu , navigability is interrupted by a series of defiles and rapids .
The river becomes navigable to small vessels again at Labbezanga from which it flows into Niger and continues to be navigable to the Atlantic Ocean
Navigation is seasonal , however , because of the fluctuations in the water level in the rainy and dry seasons .
6. FREDERICK LORD LUGARD COLONIAL RUINS AT ( ZUNGERU )
Lord Lugard House was located in Zungeru , Niger State
Lord Lugard’s Colonial Secretariat , ( before moving to Kaduna ) is located at Zungeru .
From this secretariat, Lugard amalgamated the Northern and the Southern parts of Nigeria .
Therefore Zungeru conveniently served as Nigeria’s first capital .
Also located at Zungeru , is a cemetery consisting of about one hundred graves of white colonial aides to Lord Lugard. An example is the grave of Dr. A. A. Smith , the founder of Scouts and West African Frontier Forces , who died on 4th January , 1903 .
ALSO SEE: The Arrival Of British In Nigeria
Fredrick Lord Lugard house was formerly located at Zungeru before it was moved to Kaduna , the Lord Lugard’s Colonial Secretariat is a site to behold .
This was where the first colonial master of Nigeria ruled Nigeria and used as his own capital , and from where he established the Northern and Southern amalgamations of Nigeria .
Zungeru , Niger State , was the town where the amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates was signed on January 1 , 1914 , by Lord Frederick Lugard , the first Governor-General of Nigeria .
There is a cemetery containing about 100 graves and in which early white settlers which served as colonial aides to Lord Lugard were buried in Zungeru ; and here was Dr. A. A. Smith buried on January 4 , 1903 , he founded the Scouts Club and the West African Frontier Forces .
Zungeru was the capital town of the vast Northern Region at the time , and had been since 1902 .
Lord Lugard would eventually move the capital to Kaduna in 1916 , effectively relegating it to a side note in the country’s history where it remains today .
7. THE MOVING ROCKMoving Rock is located in Niger State
This rock is situated at the western part of Gwagwade village in Auna district .
Evidences have shown that when the rock wanted to move , a loud sound was normally heard throughout the village at night and the following morning , the rock would no longer be found .
This rock was said to have been moving at unspecified periods .
This movement according to the inhabitants , the rock was said to possess two husbands… one at Gwagwade village in Niger State and another at Kinkya in Ngaski district of Yauri Local Government , Kebbi State .
Presently , the rock is located at Kinkya in Kebbi State .
8. BINA FOOTPRINTS
Bina Footprints is located in Niger State
These footprints could be seen on the hill top in Bina village near Muye some kilometers east of Lapai .
The footprints also called (Dauda Woyaba) footprints are also believed to be that of Dabo who started his journey from Bina , later went to Gulu , performed his ablution and built his mosque , stayed for some times before leaving for Kano .
The footprints are still visible on the rock at Bina hilltop .
Bina Footprints is called Dauda Woyaba by the locals ( Nupe ). You would see these visible footprints that are seen on a rock at a hill in a village called Bina .
Myth has it that it was a man called Dabo that has the footprints where he was observing his ablution rites .
9. SOJE (HUT) AT FOGBESoje Hut At Fogbe is located in Niger State
The Soje Hut was mysteriously and solely built overnight by one man called Ele .
Ele , a non- indigene of the area .
The villagers saw the completed building the following morning without roof .
However , the villagers decided to roof it to extend its life span .
The myth surrounding this Hut which is about 10 meters in diameter can accommodate a number of people no matter the number , there will still be space to accommodate more people , especially when the crowd argue among themselves on approaching it for its inability to contain them .
It is prohibited for the Emir of the area to sight the Hut or else he dies .
10. FIRST RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVE ENGINE ( WUSHISHI TRAMWAY ENGINE NO. 1 )
First Railway Locomotive Engine ( Tramway Engine No. 1 ) was located in Wushishi , Niger State
Railway construction first began in 1889 with the construction of Lagos - Abeokuta line .
By 1901 , the line was extended to Ibadan and by 1908 the line reached Jebba .
The capital of the Northern Nigeria was Zungeru and the nearest terminal river port for the supply of urgently needed building and other necessary materials was Wushishi .
It was therefore decided to link Zungeru with Wushishi by means of steam tramway of 2 feet 6 inches gauge .
The tramway was opened in 1901 and operated successfully for many years .
The first locomotive to run the steam tramway has been preserved and it stands under a canopy on the Railway platform at Minna railway station .
This preserved locomotive was the first steam engine to work in Northern Nigeria .
It was 0-6-07½ x 12” two cylinder 2.6” gauge locomotive built by Hunslet Engine Company, England and delivered to Nigeria on the 2nd of August, 1901 .
The engine ran on the 12” Wushishi - Zungeru - Barijuko Tramway and hauled the first train built to avoid a dangerous reach of water on the Niger rivers and Kaduna rivers in order that the then capital of Zungeru could be better placed .
11. NAGWAMATSE WELL ( Near Kontagora )
Nagwamatse Well ( Kontagora ) was located in Niger State
This well is said to have been dug by the legendary Nagwamatse during the Jihad .
It has been related that when he was resting under a tree , he struck the ground with his sword in order to get water for ablution in preparation to perform his prayers .
The water spot that resulted from that action still exists as a well some kilometres away from Kontagora .
The Niger State Tourism Corporation coordinates
all tourisms and festivals activities in the State .
Some Other Tourism Attractions In Niger State
Some Other Tourism Attractions In Niger State
Other tourism attractions in the State includes :
The Ndako Gboya cultural festival is perform every year during weeding ceremonies in Nupe villages and towns .
Nupe Day is cultural celebration day , it is perform every year in Central Nupe kingdom ( Bida Emirate ), Minna and some other Nupe towns , this celebration means the day Nupe people defeated British Colonial Masters in before the next attacked that leads to retreated of Nupe people for fighting British .
The Gani festival is perform every year in Kutigi , one of the femous Nupe village .
The Ewan fishing festival is perform every year by Nupe people in River Area's between March to April , they refer to them selves as ( Kyedye ).
The Barikin Festival is an annual festival celebrated in Bida .
It is celebrated at the culmination of the Muslim festivals Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha .
It begins with prayers , followed by a parade by the Emir and his entourage on horses accompanied by music players , and ends at the Emir's palace .
The wasa is perform every year in Nupe villages after or during genaral weedings , it's kind of cultural things , slaughtering different types of animal , snabing knifes at them selves , cutting their bodies but it can't cut because of the charm they put on their bodies , at the performance square they also invite Nupe drummers and Nupe Masquerades .
Wasa Ritual performance is done when they sense that an outbreak of any disease or war is approaching in Nupe Land .
The corporation has motels in the major towns of the State for comfortable accommodation , meals and drinks.
ALSO WATCH : VIDEO: Ndako Gboya Nupe Masquerade